H&R Block, Inc., through its subsidiaries, provides tax preparation and other services to the general public primarily in the United States, Canada, and Australia. The company offers assisted income tax return preparation and related services through a system of retail offices operated directly by the company or by franchisees; and develops and markets do-it-yourself (DIY) online income tax preparation software solutions. It also provides a range of online tax services, including preparation of federal and state income tax returns; review of tax returns by a tax professional; access to tax tips, advice, and tax-related news; use of calculators for tax planning; and error checking and electronic filing. In addition, the company develops and markets DIY desktop income tax preparation software solutions through third-party retail stores and direct mail, as well as online; and develops and provides applications for mobile devices, which offer tax preparation and related services. Further, it provides refund anticipation checks, H&R Block Emerald Advance lines of credit and Prepaid MasterCard, Peace of Mind Extended Service Plan, Tax Identity Shield, and Cash Back refund discount programs. H&R Block, Inc. was founded in 1946 and is headquartered in Kansas City, Missouri.