Dicerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, focuses on the discovery and development of treatments for liver diseases and cancers based on a proprietary RNA interference technology platform in the United States and internationally. The company's development programs include DCR-PH1 for the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) through targeting the gene encoding the liver enzyme glycolate oxidase; and other rare inherited diseases involving genes expressed in the liver. It is also developing DCR-MYC, which is in Phase I clinical study for the treatment of various cancers in patients with solid tumors, multiple myeloma, or lymphoma, as well as in Phase Ib/II clinical trial to treat cancer in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, the company is developing KRAS oncogene, a gene that is mutated in various cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic cancer; and a therapeutic targeting a second cancer-related gene. It has a research collaboration and license agreement with Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd. for the research, development, and commercialization of Dicer substrate short interfering RNAs (DsiRNA) molecules and drug delivery technologies for therapeutic targets in oncology; license agreement with City of Hope, an academic research and medical center to manufacture, use, offer for sale, sell, and import products related to DsiRNA for the prevention and treatment of various diseases in humans; and license agreement with Plant Bioscience Limited to research, discover, develop, manufacture, sell, import, and export products incorporating short RNA molecules. Dicerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc. was founded in 2006 and is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts.